Heart Disease Risk Factors
Heart Disease Risk Factors
Aging is actually a process of which must be experienced by all people, This kind of means of which alterations in cardiac physiology in addition to anatomy will also happen to everybody. although This kind of does not mean of which all seniors would certainly have had problems inside the heart. Because in addition to endogenous factors influenced, also influenced by exogenous factors, such as environmental, socio-cultural in addition to economic, all of which can be called a lifestyle (life style). Exogenous factors are better known as risk factors.
There are several theories stating of which alcohol consumption may reduce the incidence of CHD. although after further review, the American Heart Association concluded of which there is actually no justification in recommending the use of alcohol (or wine / wine) for the cardioprotective strategies. Fact of which excessive consumption can cause liver damage, increased blood pressure, increased incidence of cancer of the mouth in addition to esophagus cancer, in addition to so forth.
B. Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus has long been recognized as independent risk factors of which can cause a variety of cardiovascular disorders. One theory says of which one of the type of diabetes associated with the primary intrinsic disorder in which cells will be short lived, causing increased cell turnover. In addition platelet dysfunction in diabetes also contributed to a meaningful role. Coexistence of DM in addition to hypertension may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease in addition to mortality as much as 2-fold. Ductility inside the control of hypertension in diabetic patients is actually very important. Diabetes type 2 (NIDDM) found on many old people above 30 years of overweight / obesity. This kind of can be prevented by lifestyle improvement, maintaining a normal body weight in addition to multiply physical exercise.
Some drugs can cause hypertension, such as mineralocorticoid group, NSAIDs, amphetamines, tricyclic antidepressants, in addition to so on. Use of alternative drugs of which do not cause or complicate hypertension.
D. Exercise / Physical Training
Regular exercise can lower blood pressure as much as 5-10 mmHg. Exercise also can improve cardiac output, by the way:
• Increasing contractility in addition to the muscles of which myocardium can be achieved maximal stroke volume.
• Increase the number of capillaries inside the infarction.
• Lower heart rate at rest.
• Reduce the peripheral resistance at rest.
More lipoproteins of which circulate inside the blood, the greater the possibility for them to enter the arterial wall. When large amounts of This kind of will exceed the ability of smooth muscle cells to metabolize the fat of which will accumulate on artery walls. Hyperlipidemia should be dealt with aggressively, either with medication or with lifestyle improvement. By lowering total cholesterol levels as much as 20-25% (or lower LDL-cholesterol by 30%) is actually proven to reduce the risk of CHD.
Hypertension is actually a risk factor is actually most important in cardiovascular disease. Hypertension accelerates atherosclerosis, which is actually caused by mechanical injury of endothelial cells in place of high pressure. Hypertension is actually estimated to cause 33% of all incidents of heart disease. Give medications (ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, calcium antagonists or diuretics) to reduce morbidity in addition to mortality.
Obesity can lead to atherosclerosis, hypertension, hyperlipidemia in addition to type 2 diabetes, in addition to various some other conditions. Keep your ideal weight by improving your lifestyle in addition to regular exercise.
H. Excessive salt intake
Restricted salt intake can lower blood pressure 1-10 mmHg. Excessive intake can cause sodium in addition to water retention, thus adding to the burden of the heart. Patients need to be briefed about the need with This kind of.
Research shows of which smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular disease as much as 64%. Effect of cigarettes on the cardiovascular system are:
Nicotine carries a direct effect on coronary arteries in addition to blood platelets.
Inhaled carbon monoxide reduces the oxygen carrying capacity of red blood cells. This kind of also increases the oxygen needs of myocardium, increased platelet adhesiveness in addition to plasma catecholamines.
This kind of is actually where the importance of health promotion in addition to disease prevention (intervention in lifestyle) which should be started off as early as possible. In addition we also do prevensi action, namely to prevent the aging process is actually not accompanied by patolologik process. This kind of concept is actually right now highly developed in addition to known as the concept of Healthy Aging (to grow old in Great health).
In addition to promotion in addition to preventive actions are also rehabilitation measures, which aimed to those who are or have experienced heart problems. The purpose of the rehabilitation measures are:
To help them recover both physically in addition to spiritually.
To train them in performing daily activities in addition to re-active inside the community.
To restore their confidence.